The three key statutory employer’s responsibilities concerning occupational safety and health are:
identifying hazards, i.e. preventing accidents at work
arranging for preventive occupational health care
cooperating with the staff.
The goal of the responsibilities is to reduce the avoidable costs arising to the employer, employee and society, as well as making the workplace safe, healthy and productive. Further information is available in the Occupational Safety and Health Act (finlex.fi) and Occupational Health Care Act (finlex.fi).
These pages concerning various obligations include how-to instructions that will help you get started. Further information and instructions can also be found in the links and service descriptions provided on these pages. Check out also this guide: Risk assessment at work (In Finnish, pdf, 155 kt, tyosuojelujulkaisut.wshop.fi).
Who do the employer obligations apply to?
Employer obligations apply to all entrepreneurs regardless of the form and size of the company. Employer obligations also apply to municipalities, parishes, the state, associations and, in special cases, real estate and housing limited liability companies, as well as private individuals in situations in which the employee has committed to work for an employer under an employment contract.
Daily occupational safety and health activities
Extra costs are incurred by employers on account of sickness absences, accidents at work and poor working conditions. Reducing the amount of sickness absences by half could save 4–6 workdays a year per employee.
How to do it:
Identify harm and risk factors.
Remove or reduce harmful factors.
Provide employees with instruction and guidance.
Monitor working conditions.
Ensure the employees’ health and safety at work and fitness for work.
Creating a safe and healthy workplace is persistent and systematic day-to-day work that requires leadership just like any other activities at the company.